Developing photocatalysts with effective charge separation and fast surface reaction kinetics is crucial to realizing efficient photocatalytic water splitting. In this study, we report a strongly coupled two-dimensional-ternary-heterostructured photocatalyst by sequentially introducing reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and NiFe-layered double hydroxide (NiFe-LDH) on the surface of lanthanum titanate (LTO) via a facile hydrothermal and electrostatic self-assembly methodology, respectively. The synthesized 2D-rGO/LTO/NiFe-LDH photocatalyst showed remarkable photocatalytic H 2 evolution activity under simulated light irradiation, even without expensive Pt cocatalyst. The enhancement of photocatalytic activity could be attributed to the efficient interfacial charge transfer at the rGO/LTO heterojunction interface, and the enhanced hole (h + ) trapping ability of NiFe-LDH cocatalyst at the LTO/NiFe-LDH interface, respectively. These attributes could effectively enlarge the life time of photo-generated electron-hole pairs, and increase the electron density for hydrogen production. The optimal rGO/LTO/NiFe-LDH nanocomposite remain sustained even after four successive experimental runs, without apparent change in the H 2 evolution rate. The present work elucidates a new strategy to maximize the efficiency via synergetic effect of incorporating rGO and NiFe-LDH as dual cocatalysts, and shows a feasible strategy of using earth-abundant materials as cocatalysts to enhance the overall photocatalytic water splitting reactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Process Chemistry and Technology