Spatial variations in temperature in a mountainous region of Jeju Island, South Korea

Myoung Jin Um, Yeonjoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this study was to better understand the spatial variations in the daily average, maximum and minimum air temperatures on Jeju Island, South Korea, by interpolating between observed temperature data that are distributed across a mountainous region. This spatial interpolation was performed in two steps: filling in the ungauged station data using principal component regression, and then downscaling the station-based data to obtain a spatially gridded data set using the Precipitation-elevation Regressions on Independent Slopes Model. Whereas the conventional practice of interpolating data does not include filling in ungauged data, our approach is particularly useful because most ungauged data correspond to high-elevation regions. Using the proposed approach, we were able to reasonably construct the spatial distribution of the temperatures on Jeju Island. Our trend analysis showed that the temperatures increased significantly in the summer and decreased in the winter. Furthermore, the positive temperature trends generally become larger at higher elevation when the average positive trends are significant in the summer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2413-2423
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Programme through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), which is funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (2015R1C1A2A01054800) and by the Infrastructure and Transportation Technology Promotion Research Programme, which is funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (14RDRP-B076275-01-000000).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Royal Meteorological Society

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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