Spatially inhomogeneous operation of phase-change memory

Dasol Kim, Soobin Hwang, Taek Sun Jung, Min Ahn, Jaehun Jeong, Hanbum Park, Juhwan Park, Jae Hoon Kim, Byung Joon Choi, Mann Ho Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rapid changes in the electrical resistance depending on the phases (amorphous and crystal) are one of the most promising bases for universal memory. Phase-change region is spatially inhomogeneous during memory operation in a unit cell because Joule heat for the phase-change is generated at the interface between the metal and compounds. However, delicate optimization of the electrical and thermal properties at the interface is underexplored compared to the bulk. In this study, we modulate the electrical and thermal conductivities by incorporating oxygen in Ag-In-Sb-Te, superior memory compounds where oxygen is chosen for high accessibility and efficiency for the modulation of conductivity. We further analyze the oxidation and crystallization process at the atomic level. Based on the results, we successfully improve the memory performances such as speed, energy, signal ratio, and reliability simultaneously by inserting the oxygenated layer as an interfacial layer. Our study proves that there is considerable room to optimize memory performance at the interface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153026
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) in Korea (Project No. 10080625) and the Korea Semiconductor Research Consortium (KSRC) through a project for developing source technologies for future semiconductor devices.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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