In this contribution, chemical sensor for the detection of aqueous ammonia has been fabricated using UV-curable polyurethane acrylate (PU) and nanohybrids (NH-1, NH-3 and NH-5). PU has been prepared by reacting polycaprolactone triol (PCLT) and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) while the nanohybrids, NH-1, NH-3, and NH-5 have been synthesized by solution blending method using PU with 1, 3, and 5 wt% loading levels of C-20B. PU and their nanohybrids showed higher sensitivity investigated by I-V technique using aqueous ammonia as a target chemical. All the nanohybrids showed higher sensitivity as compared to neat PU. The sensitivity increased with increase in clay content and the nanohybrid containing 5 wt% of clay showed the highest sensitivity (8.5254 μA cm -2 mM-1) with the limit of detection (LOD) of 0.0175 ± 0.001 μM, being 7.8 times higher than pure PU. The calibration plot for all the sensors was linear over the large range of 0.05 μM to 0.05 M. The response time of the fabricated sensor was <10.0 s. Therefore, one can fabricate efficient aqueous ammonia sensor by utilization of nanohybrid as an efficient electron mediator.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant Funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-C1AAA001-0092926) and New & Renewable Energy R&D Program (2009100100606) under the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Republic of Korea. Centre for Advanced Materials and Nano-Engineering (CAMNE) and Deanship of Scientific Research, Najran University, Najran is highly acknowledged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry