Spectroscopic characterization of alkali-metal exchanged natrolites

Yongjae Lee, Dan Liu, Zhenxian Liu, Donghoon Seoung, Yongmoon Lee

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synchrotron infrared (IR) and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies have been performed on zeolite natrolites as a function of the non-framework composition at ambient conditions. This establishes the spectroscopic characterization of the ion-exchanged natrolites in the alkali-metal series both in the as-prepared hydrated (M-NAT-hyd, M = Li, Na, K, Rb, and Cs) and some stable dehydrated forms (M-NAT-deh, M = Rb and Cs). The former series exhibits non-framework cation-size dependent opening of the helical channels to span ca. 21° range in terms of the chain rotation angle, ? (or ca. 45° range in terms of the chain bridging angle, T-O2-T). For these hydrated phases, both IR and Raman spectra reveal that the degree of the red-shifts in the frequencies of the helical 8-ring channel as well as the 4-ring unit is proportional to the ionic radius of the non-framework cations. Linear fits to the data show negative slopes of -55.7 from Raman and -18.3 from IR in the 8-ring frequencies and ionic radius relationship. The spectroscopic data are also used to identify the modes of the dehydration-induced "collapse" of the helical 8-ring channels as observed in the stable anhydrous Rb-NAT-deh and Cs-NAT-deh. In addition, we demonstrate that the spectroscopic data in the hydrated series can be used to distinguish different water arrangements along the helical channels based on the frequency shifts in the H-O-H bending band and the changes in the O-H stretching vibration modes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume97
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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