We introduced a spin-assembled nanolayer of hyperbranched poly(ether sulfone) with sulfonic acid terminal on top of an indium-tin oxide anode in organic light-emitting diodes. This results in great improvement in luminous efficiency, better than that of devices using a commercially available conducting polymer composition as a holeinjection layer. The effect of the nanolayer was investigated by impedance spectroscopy, photovoltaic measurement for built-in-potential, and transient electroluminescence. We concluded that the high luminous efficiency resulted from the efficient electron-blocking by the nanolayer and hole-injection assisted by the accumulation of electrons at the interface. This result implies that, for an efficient hole-injection layer, the electron-blocking capability should be incorporated in addition to the hole-injection and -transport capability.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces