Coupling between conduction electrons and localized magnetization is responsible for a variety of phenomena in spintronic devices. This coupling enables to generate spin currents from dynamical magnetization. Due to the nonlinearity of magnetization dynamics, the spin-current emission through the dynamical spin-exchange coupling offers a route for nonlinear generation of spin currents. Here, we demonstrate spin-current emission governed by nonlinear magnetization dynamics in a metal/magnetic insulator bilayer. The spin-current emission from the magnetic insulator is probed by the inverse spin Hall effect, which demonstrates nontrivial temperature and excitation power dependences of the voltage generation. The experimental results reveal that nonlinear magnetization dynamics and enhanced spin-current emission due to magnon scatterings are triggered by decreasing temperature. This result illustrates the crucial role of the nonlinear magnon interactions in the spin-current emission driven by dynamical magnetization, or nonequilibrium magnons, from magnetic insulators.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 26220604, 26103004, 26600078, PRESTO-JST “Innovative nano-electronics through interdisciplinary collaboration among material, device and system layers,” the Mitsubishi Foundation, the Asahi Glass Foundation, the Noguchi Institute, the Casio Science Promotion Foundation, and the Murata Science Foundation.
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