Primary bronchogenic carcinoma of the lung is extremely rare in childhood, particularly the squamous cell type. Only 13 cases have been reported in the literature. We report a case of squamous cell carcinoma in an autistic, 16-year-old boy who presented with a productive cough. Interestingly, he was a never-smoker, but had been exposed to environmental tobacco smoking by his father for 13 years. The diagnosis was delayed by approximately 1 month due to his young age. He was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, and chemotherapy was arranged. Considering his age, autism, and good performance status, a combined chemotherapeutic regimen with gemcitabine plus carboplatin was planned. After the second cycle of chemotherapy, the cough resolved and a computed tomography scan showed a partial response of the central conglomerated mass with the absence of the malignant pleural effusion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health