We report the Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic ratios of clinopyroxene separates from spinel peridotite xenoliths hosted by late Cenozoic alkali basaltic rocks from Baengnyeong Island, Jogokni, and Jeju Island, all near the southeastern margin of the Sino-Korean Craton in South Korea. Measured Sr, Nd and Pb isotopic compositions in the clinopyroxene separates show, in general, simple trends between depleted MORB-like mantle (DMM) and relatively enriched components, which can be explained by old event(s) of infiltration by metasomatic melts/fluids that enriched a precursor time-integrated depleted mantle in incompatible trace elements and overprinted its isotopic composition. Comparison of the xenoliths with the host basalts suggests that infiltration of carbonatitic melts can explain the characteristics of the Baengnyeong xenoliths while reaction with residual slab-derived melt/fluid subjected to amphibole and phlogopite fractionation explains the Jogokni xenoliths best, ruling out direct influence of the magmatism that produced the host basalts. On the other hand, the Jeju clinopyroxene separates display a mixing hyperbola between DMM and the host basalts in Sr-Pb and Nd-Pb isotope correlation diagrams, suggesting some influence by liquids similar to the host basalts. The Korean xenoliths tend to be similar in the overall range of their mineralogic modes, elemental compositions, and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic ratios to those of the fertile peridotite xenoliths derived from the post-Archean lithospheric mantle of eastern China, and yet without any compositional evidence for a refractory Archean mantle root. Overall comparison of the measured isotopic compositions for these Korean xenoliths with available data on lavas from eastern China, indicates that the dominant enriched mantle source components for the Cenozoic intraplate volcanism in the East Asia (EM1 for northeast China, and EM2 for Southeast Asia) are absent in the lithospheric mantle beneath the region. The Cenozoic intraplate volcanism, therefore, must have originated in the asthenosphere.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful to Xisheng Xu and Roberta Rudnick for constructive reviews that improved this work. The authors would like to thank K.-H. Park for providing the Jogokni xenoliths, and J.P. Yeo and W.H. Choe for their assistance in the field. This work was supported by Korea Research Foundation Grant (KRF-2002-037-C00020). [RLR]
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geochemistry and Petrology