Subsynchronous resonance (SSR) damping in fixed-speed wind turbine generator systems (FSWTGS) by using two series flexible ac transmission system (FACTS) devices, the thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC), and gate-controlled series capacitor (GCSC) are studied in this paper. The former is a commercially available series FACTS device, and the latter is the second generation of series FACTS devices using gate turnoff (GTO) or other gate-commuted switches. The GCSC is characterized by a fixed capacitor in parallel with a pair of antiparallel gate-commuted switches enabling rapid control of series impedance of a transmission line. It is shown that the SSR damping with a GCSC is limited to changing the resonance frequency, in comparison with a fixed capacitor, which may not be adequate to damp out the SSR. Therefore, a supplementary SSR damping controller (SSRDC) is designed for the GCSC. Moreover, it is proven that the GCSC equipped with a well-designed SSRDC can effectively damp the SSR in FSWTGS. In order to verify the effectiveness of the GCSC in SSR damping, its performance is compared with the TCSC, which is an existing series FACTS device. In addition, time-frequency analysis (TFA) is employed in order to evaluate and compare the SSR time-varying frequency characteristics of the GCSC and TCSC. The IEEE first benchmark model on SSR is adapted with an integrated FSWTGS to perform studies, and extensive simulations are carried out using PSCAD/EMTDC to validate the result.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC), Grid-Connected Advanced Power Electronic Systems (GRAPES) Center under Grant 0934378, and the Korea National Research Foundation under Grants NRF-2012M2A8A4055236 and NRF-2014R1A2A1A01004780. Paper no. TPWRD-01293-2014
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering