The chemical stability and durability of PtRu catalysts supported on carbon nanofibers (CNFs) for the anode electrode of a direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) are investigated by Pt and Ru dissolution tests in sulfuric acid and long-term performance tests of a single cell discharging at a constant current density of 150 mA cm -2 for approximately 2000 h. A CNF with a herringbone-type structure, which is characterized by the alignment of graphene symmetrically angled to the fiber axis, was selected as the catalyst support because it has an edge-rich surface and a high surface area. In the metal dissolution test, the PtRu/CNF catalysts showed 1.5-2 times lower Ru leaching than a tested commercial catalyst (supported on activated carbon). The results of long-term performance tests also prove the higher durability of the anode catalyst compared with the commercial catalyst, when the anode polarization is compared before and after operation for 2000 h. Some analytical measurements, including X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were conducted to study the degradation of the catalyst activity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development Program (10029897, Development of MEA fabrication process using new catalysts and the application technology for direct methanol fuel cells) funded by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE, Korea) .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology