In this study, the physical and chemical degradation behaviors of active layers based on semicrystalline p-type polymer (poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)) and [6,6]-phenyl C 71 butyric acid methyl-ester (PC 71BM) are compared with the corresponding behaviors of amorphous p-type polymer of poly[N-9″-hepta-decanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(4′, 7′-di-2-thienyl-2′,1′,3′-benzothiadiazole)] (PCDTBT) and PC 71BM. A surface morphological study of the active layer (from Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images) and a chemical analysis (from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) results) help explain why PCDTBT/PC 71BM bulk heterojunction (BHJ) has a higher level of long-term stability under thermal and air stability experimental conditions than a P3HT/PC 71BM-based BHJ. The power conversion efficiency for a PCDTBT/PC 71BM BHJ cell and a P3HT/PC 71BM BHJ cell decreased by 11% and 21%, respectively, after a thermal stability test and by 68% and 78%, respectively, after a 300 h air stability test.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films