Stabilization of RNT-1 protein, runt-related transcription factor (RUNX) protein homolog of Caenorhabditis elegans, by oxidative stress through mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway

Kiho Lee, Jiwon Shim, Jaebum Bae, Young Joon Kim, Junho Lee

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RUNX proteins are evolutionarily conserved transcription factors known to be involved in various developmental processes. Here we report a new role for a RUNX protein: a role in stress response. We show that RNT-1, the Caenorhabditis elegans RUNX homolog, is constantly produced and degraded by the ubiquitination-proteasome pathway in the intestine of the nematode. RNT-1 was rapidly stabilized by oxidative stress, and the rnt-1-mutant animals were more sensitive to oxidative stress, indicating that rapid RNT-1 stabilization is a defense response against the oxidative stress. The MAP kinase pathway is required for RNT-1 stabilization, and RNT-1 was phosphorylated by SEK-1/PMK-1 in vitro. ChIP-sequencing analysis revealed a feedback loop mechanism of theMAPkinase pathway by the VHP-1 phosphatase in the RNT-1-mediated oxidative stress response. We propose that rnt-1 is regulated at the protein level for its role in the immediate response to environmental challenges in the intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10444-10452
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume287
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar 23

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Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
Oxidative stress
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Oxidative Stress
Transcription Factors
Stabilization
Intestines
Proteins
Ubiquitination
Caenorhabditis elegans
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Animals
Phosphotransferases
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Stabilization of RNT-1 protein, runt-related transcription factor (RUNX) protein homolog of Caenorhabditis elegans, by oxidative stress through mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway",
abstract = "RUNX proteins are evolutionarily conserved transcription factors known to be involved in various developmental processes. Here we report a new role for a RUNX protein: a role in stress response. We show that RNT-1, the Caenorhabditis elegans RUNX homolog, is constantly produced and degraded by the ubiquitination-proteasome pathway in the intestine of the nematode. RNT-1 was rapidly stabilized by oxidative stress, and the rnt-1-mutant animals were more sensitive to oxidative stress, indicating that rapid RNT-1 stabilization is a defense response against the oxidative stress. The MAP kinase pathway is required for RNT-1 stabilization, and RNT-1 was phosphorylated by SEK-1/PMK-1 in vitro. ChIP-sequencing analysis revealed a feedback loop mechanism of theMAPkinase pathway by the VHP-1 phosphatase in the RNT-1-mediated oxidative stress response. We propose that rnt-1 is regulated at the protein level for its role in the immediate response to environmental challenges in the intestine.",
author = "Kiho Lee and Jiwon Shim and Jaebum Bae and Kim, {Young Joon} and Junho Lee",
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AU - Lee, Kiho

AU - Shim, Jiwon

AU - Bae, Jaebum

AU - Kim, Young Joon

AU - Lee, Junho

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AB - RUNX proteins are evolutionarily conserved transcription factors known to be involved in various developmental processes. Here we report a new role for a RUNX protein: a role in stress response. We show that RNT-1, the Caenorhabditis elegans RUNX homolog, is constantly produced and degraded by the ubiquitination-proteasome pathway in the intestine of the nematode. RNT-1 was rapidly stabilized by oxidative stress, and the rnt-1-mutant animals were more sensitive to oxidative stress, indicating that rapid RNT-1 stabilization is a defense response against the oxidative stress. The MAP kinase pathway is required for RNT-1 stabilization, and RNT-1 was phosphorylated by SEK-1/PMK-1 in vitro. ChIP-sequencing analysis revealed a feedback loop mechanism of theMAPkinase pathway by the VHP-1 phosphatase in the RNT-1-mediated oxidative stress response. We propose that rnt-1 is regulated at the protein level for its role in the immediate response to environmental challenges in the intestine.

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