Stable 3,6-Linked Fluorenyl Radical Oligomers with Intramolecular Antiferromagnetic Coupling and Polyradical Characters

Xuefeng Lu, Sangsu Lee, Jun Oh Kim, Tullimilli Y. Gopalakrishna, Hoa Phan, Tun Seng Herng, Zhenglong Lim, Zebing Zeng, Jun Ding, Dongho Kim, Jishan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic radicals display unique physical structures and could become next generation functional materials. However, design and synthesis of stable neutral radicals with a significant polyradical character has been an enormous challenge for chemists. In this work, we synthesized a series of stable 3,6-linked, kinetically blocked fluorenyl radical oligomers up to hexamer (FR-n, n = 1-6). Their ground-state geometric and electronic structures were systematically studied by various experimental methods including X-ray crystallographic analysis, variable temperature nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, and superconducting quantum interference device measurements, supported by density functional theory and ab initio calculations. Moderate antiferromagnetic coupling between the fluorenyl radicals was observed, and moderate to large diradical and polyradical characters were calculated from dimer onward. Furthermore, their photophysical properties were estimated by steady-state, transient absorption, and two-photon absorption measurements, and their electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic voltammetry/differential pulse voltammetry and spectro-electrochemical measurements. A clear chain length dependence of their optical, electrochemical, and magnetic properties was found for the oligomers with an odd or even number of spin centers, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13048-13058
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume138
Issue number39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 5

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Oligomers
Electrochemical properties
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Photons
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Functional materials
SQUIDs
X-Rays
Voltammetry
Chain length
Equipment and Supplies
Dimers
Ground state
Cyclic voltammetry
Temperature
Electronic structure
Density functional theory
Paramagnetic resonance
Magnetic properties
Optical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Lu, Xuefeng ; Lee, Sangsu ; Kim, Jun Oh ; Gopalakrishna, Tullimilli Y. ; Phan, Hoa ; Herng, Tun Seng ; Lim, Zhenglong ; Zeng, Zebing ; Ding, Jun ; Kim, Dongho ; Wu, Jishan. / Stable 3,6-Linked Fluorenyl Radical Oligomers with Intramolecular Antiferromagnetic Coupling and Polyradical Characters. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 138, No. 39. pp. 13048-13058.
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Lu, X, Lee, S, Kim, JO, Gopalakrishna, TY, Phan, H, Herng, TS, Lim, Z, Zeng, Z, Ding, J, Kim, D & Wu, J 2016, 'Stable 3,6-Linked Fluorenyl Radical Oligomers with Intramolecular Antiferromagnetic Coupling and Polyradical Characters', Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 138, no. 39, pp. 13048-13058. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b08138

Stable 3,6-Linked Fluorenyl Radical Oligomers with Intramolecular Antiferromagnetic Coupling and Polyradical Characters. / Lu, Xuefeng; Lee, Sangsu; Kim, Jun Oh; Gopalakrishna, Tullimilli Y.; Phan, Hoa; Herng, Tun Seng; Lim, Zhenglong; Zeng, Zebing; Ding, Jun; Kim, Dongho; Wu, Jishan.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 138, No. 39, 05.10.2016, p. 13048-13058.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gopalakrishna, Tullimilli Y.

AU - Phan, Hoa

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AU - Ding, Jun

AU - Kim, Dongho

AU - Wu, Jishan

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N2 - Organic radicals display unique physical structures and could become next generation functional materials. However, design and synthesis of stable neutral radicals with a significant polyradical character has been an enormous challenge for chemists. In this work, we synthesized a series of stable 3,6-linked, kinetically blocked fluorenyl radical oligomers up to hexamer (FR-n, n = 1-6). Their ground-state geometric and electronic structures were systematically studied by various experimental methods including X-ray crystallographic analysis, variable temperature nuclear magnetic resonance, electron spin resonance, and superconducting quantum interference device measurements, supported by density functional theory and ab initio calculations. Moderate antiferromagnetic coupling between the fluorenyl radicals was observed, and moderate to large diradical and polyradical characters were calculated from dimer onward. Furthermore, their photophysical properties were estimated by steady-state, transient absorption, and two-photon absorption measurements, and their electrochemical properties were investigated by cyclic voltammetry/differential pulse voltammetry and spectro-electrochemical measurements. A clear chain length dependence of their optical, electrochemical, and magnetic properties was found for the oligomers with an odd or even number of spin centers, respectively.

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