Stacked U-Nets with self-assisted priors towards robust correction of rigid motion artifact in brain MRI

Mohammed A. Al-masni, Seul Lee, Jaeuk Yi, Sewook Kim, Sung Min Gho, Young Hun Choi, Dong Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is sensitive to motion caused by patient movement due to the relatively long data acquisition time. This could cause severe degradation of image quality and therefore affect the overall diagnosis. In this paper, we develop an efficient retrospective 2D deep learning method called stacked U-Nets with self-assisted priors to address the problem of rigid motion artifacts in 3D brain MRI. The proposed work exploits the usage of additional knowledge priors from the corrupted images themselves without the need for additional contrast data. The proposed network learns the missed structural details through sharing auxiliary information from the contiguous slices of the same distorted subject. We further design a refinement stacked U-Nets that facilitates preserving the spatial image details and improves the pixel-to-pixel dependency. To perform network training, simulation of MRI motion artifacts is inevitable. The proposed network is optimized by minimizing the loss of structural similarity (SSIM) using the synthesized motion-corrupted images from 83 real motion-free subjects. We present an intensive analysis using various types of image priors: the proposed self-assisted priors and priors from other image contrast of the same subject. The experimental analysis proves the effectiveness and feasibility of our self-assisted priors since it does not require any further data scans. The overall image quality of the motion-corrected images via the proposed motion correction network significantly improves SSIM from 71.66% to 95.03% and declines the mean square error from 99.25 to 29.76. These results indicate the high similarity of the brain's anatomical structure in the corrected images compared to the motion-free data. The motion-corrected results of both the simulated and real motion data showed the potential of the proposed motion correction network to be feasible and applicable in clinical practices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119411
JournalNeuroImage
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by GE Healthcare research funds and by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) ( NRF-2019R1A2C1090635 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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