Stand-alone cervical cages versus anterior cervical plates in 2-level cervical anterior interbody fusion patients

Gyu Yeul Ji, Chang Hyun Oh, DongAh Shin, Yoon Ha, Keung Nyun Kim, Do Heum Yoon, Farid Yudoyono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Design: A retrospective study. Objective: To analyze adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy, comparing fusion with stand-alone cages [anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)-CA] and fusion with cage and plate constructs (ACDF-CPC) with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Summary of Background Data: ACDF using a stand-alone cage or a cage and plate construct is a popular procedure. However, there is lack of knowledge concerning ASD between the 2 procedures. Methods: A total of 42 consecutive patients who underwent 2-level ACDF-CA or ACDF-CPC for 2-level cervical disk disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: ACDF-CA group (n=22) and ACDF-CPC group (n=20). The following parameters were assessed using radiographs: disk space narrowing, anterior osteophyte formation, calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, and fusion status. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Robinson criteria. Results: No difference in clinical outcomes was observed between the 2 groups. Moreover, the ACDF-CPC group showed a similar fusion rate compared with the ACDF-CA group (100% vs. 95%, P=0.335). There was also no statistical significance in anterior osteophyte formation and calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. However, mean intervertebral disk height change of an adjacent segment was significantly lower in the ACDF-CA group than the ACDF-CPC group (upper level: 0.08±0.24 vs. 0.49±0.35; lower level: 0.06±0.41 vs. 0.49±0.28; P<0.01). Conclusions: The use of a cage with or without plate constructs in 2-level ACDF provides similar clinical results and fusion rates. Notwithstanding, ACDF-CPC showed a higher incidence of ASD than ACDF-CA over the 2-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E433-E438
JournalJournal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques
Volume28
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Diskectomy
Longitudinal Ligaments
Osteophyte
Intervertebral Disc

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Ji, Gyu Yeul ; Oh, Chang Hyun ; Shin, DongAh ; Ha, Yoon ; Kim, Keung Nyun ; Yoon, Do Heum ; Yudoyono, Farid. / Stand-alone cervical cages versus anterior cervical plates in 2-level cervical anterior interbody fusion patients. In: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques. 2015 ; Vol. 28, No. 7. pp. E433-E438.
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title = "Stand-alone cervical cages versus anterior cervical plates in 2-level cervical anterior interbody fusion patients",
abstract = "Study Design: A retrospective study. Objective: To analyze adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy, comparing fusion with stand-alone cages [anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)-CA] and fusion with cage and plate constructs (ACDF-CPC) with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Summary of Background Data: ACDF using a stand-alone cage or a cage and plate construct is a popular procedure. However, there is lack of knowledge concerning ASD between the 2 procedures. Methods: A total of 42 consecutive patients who underwent 2-level ACDF-CA or ACDF-CPC for 2-level cervical disk disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: ACDF-CA group (n=22) and ACDF-CPC group (n=20). The following parameters were assessed using radiographs: disk space narrowing, anterior osteophyte formation, calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, and fusion status. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Robinson criteria. Results: No difference in clinical outcomes was observed between the 2 groups. Moreover, the ACDF-CPC group showed a similar fusion rate compared with the ACDF-CA group (100{\%} vs. 95{\%}, P=0.335). There was also no statistical significance in anterior osteophyte formation and calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. However, mean intervertebral disk height change of an adjacent segment was significantly lower in the ACDF-CA group than the ACDF-CPC group (upper level: 0.08±0.24 vs. 0.49±0.35; lower level: 0.06±0.41 vs. 0.49±0.28; P<0.01). Conclusions: The use of a cage with or without plate constructs in 2-level ACDF provides similar clinical results and fusion rates. Notwithstanding, ACDF-CPC showed a higher incidence of ASD than ACDF-CA over the 2-year follow-up.",
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Stand-alone cervical cages versus anterior cervical plates in 2-level cervical anterior interbody fusion patients. / Ji, Gyu Yeul; Oh, Chang Hyun; Shin, DongAh; Ha, Yoon; Kim, Keung Nyun; Yoon, Do Heum; Yudoyono, Farid.

In: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques, Vol. 28, No. 7, 01.01.2015, p. E433-E438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stand-alone cervical cages versus anterior cervical plates in 2-level cervical anterior interbody fusion patients

AU - Ji, Gyu Yeul

AU - Oh, Chang Hyun

AU - Shin, DongAh

AU - Ha, Yoon

AU - Kim, Keung Nyun

AU - Yoon, Do Heum

AU - Yudoyono, Farid

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Study Design: A retrospective study. Objective: To analyze adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy, comparing fusion with stand-alone cages [anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)-CA] and fusion with cage and plate constructs (ACDF-CPC) with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Summary of Background Data: ACDF using a stand-alone cage or a cage and plate construct is a popular procedure. However, there is lack of knowledge concerning ASD between the 2 procedures. Methods: A total of 42 consecutive patients who underwent 2-level ACDF-CA or ACDF-CPC for 2-level cervical disk disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: ACDF-CA group (n=22) and ACDF-CPC group (n=20). The following parameters were assessed using radiographs: disk space narrowing, anterior osteophyte formation, calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, and fusion status. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Robinson criteria. Results: No difference in clinical outcomes was observed between the 2 groups. Moreover, the ACDF-CPC group showed a similar fusion rate compared with the ACDF-CA group (100% vs. 95%, P=0.335). There was also no statistical significance in anterior osteophyte formation and calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. However, mean intervertebral disk height change of an adjacent segment was significantly lower in the ACDF-CA group than the ACDF-CPC group (upper level: 0.08±0.24 vs. 0.49±0.35; lower level: 0.06±0.41 vs. 0.49±0.28; P<0.01). Conclusions: The use of a cage with or without plate constructs in 2-level ACDF provides similar clinical results and fusion rates. Notwithstanding, ACDF-CPC showed a higher incidence of ASD than ACDF-CA over the 2-year follow-up.

AB - Study Design: A retrospective study. Objective: To analyze adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in 2-level anterior cervical discectomy, comparing fusion with stand-alone cages [anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)-CA] and fusion with cage and plate constructs (ACDF-CPC) with respect to clinical outcomes and radiologic changes. Summary of Background Data: ACDF using a stand-alone cage or a cage and plate construct is a popular procedure. However, there is lack of knowledge concerning ASD between the 2 procedures. Methods: A total of 42 consecutive patients who underwent 2-level ACDF-CA or ACDF-CPC for 2-level cervical disk disease and who completed 2 years of follow-up were included in this study. The patients were divided into 2 groups: ACDF-CA group (n=22) and ACDF-CPC group (n=20). The following parameters were assessed using radiographs: disk space narrowing, anterior osteophyte formation, calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament, and fusion status. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Robinson criteria. Results: No difference in clinical outcomes was observed between the 2 groups. Moreover, the ACDF-CPC group showed a similar fusion rate compared with the ACDF-CA group (100% vs. 95%, P=0.335). There was also no statistical significance in anterior osteophyte formation and calcification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. However, mean intervertebral disk height change of an adjacent segment was significantly lower in the ACDF-CA group than the ACDF-CPC group (upper level: 0.08±0.24 vs. 0.49±0.35; lower level: 0.06±0.41 vs. 0.49±0.28; P<0.01). Conclusions: The use of a cage with or without plate constructs in 2-level ACDF provides similar clinical results and fusion rates. Notwithstanding, ACDF-CPC showed a higher incidence of ASD than ACDF-CA over the 2-year follow-up.

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