We investigate the state complexity of multiple unions and of multiple intersections for prefix-free regular languages. Prefix-free deterministic finite automata have their own unique structural properties that are crucial for obtaining state complexity upper bounds that are improved from those for general regular languages. We present a tight lower bound construction for k-union using an alphabet of size k + 1 and for k-intersection using a binary alphabet. We prove that the state complexity upper bound for k-union cannot be reached by languages over an alphabet with less than k symbols. We also give a lower bound construction for k-union using a binary alphabet that is within a constant factor of the upper bound.
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||International Journal of Foundations of Computer Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2015 Feb 8|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science (miscellaneous)