We have investigated the characteristics of mesospheric short period (<1 h) gravity waves which were observed with all-sky images of OH Meinel band and OI 557 nm airglows over King Sejong Station (KSS) (62.22°S, 58.78°W) during a period of 2008–2015. By applying 2-dimensional FFT to time differenced images, we derived horizontal wavelengths, phase speeds, and propagating directions (188 and 173 quasi-monochromatic waves from OH and OI airglow images, respectively). The majority of the observed waves propagated predominantly westward, implying that eastward waves were filtered out by strong eastward stratospheric winds. In order to obtain the intrinsic properties of the observed waves, we utilized winds simultaneously measured by KSS Meteor Radar and temperatures from Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS). More than half the waves propagated horizontally, as waves were in Doppler duct or evanescent in the vertical direction. This might be due to strong eastward background wind field in the mesosphere over KSS. For freely propagating waves, the vertical wavelengths were in the interquartile range of 9–33 km with a median value of 15 km. The vertical wavelengths are shorter than those observed at Halley station (76°S, 27°W) where the majority of the observed waves were freely propagating. The difference in the wave propagating characteristics between KSS and Halley station suggests that gravity waves may affect mesospheric dynamics in this part of the Antarctic Peninsula more strongly than over the Antarctic continent. Furthermore, strong wind shear over KSS played an important role in changing the vertical wavenumbers as the waves propagated upward between two airglow layers (87 and 96 km).
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2017 Mar 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Polar Research Institute (PE17020). The authors acknowledge MLS data team for providing the temperature data through the website http://mls.jpl.nasa.gov/products/temp_product.php.
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science
- Space and Planetary Science