This study investigated the aerodynamic characteristics of two tall buildings through an independent component analysis (ICA) and principal component analysis (PCA) of wind-induced pressure fields. The pressure patterns identified by ICA and PCA were compared using the wind pressures on two building models measured in a series of wind tunnel tests under five cases consisting of different gaps between two buildings. To further investigate the flow patterns, particle image velocimetry was employed to measure the instantaneous wind flow patterns. The ICA results in the 1st, 2nd, and 4th modes indicated different pressure distributions on the inside building surfaces for different gaps, while the 3rd mode indicated a suction phenomenon on the outside and leeward surfaces; the PCA results indicated that the gap only influenced the pressure on the inside surfaces in the first four modes. Only the first PCA mode had a higher correlation with the original data than the ICA modes, and the ICA modes generally had higher correlations than the other modes. In wind forces, the 1st and 3rd PCA modes provided similar information, whereas all the ICA modes provided different information. Overall, ICA provided more diverse information than PCA, which yielded rather limited and homogenous information.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 May|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Mechanical Engineering