A statistical beamforming (SBF) scheme based on the effective channel gain (ECG) is proposed for spatially correlated massive multiple-input multiple-output systems. The proposed SBF scheme consists of outer and inner precoders. The outer precoder is designed to eliminate multiuser interference based on the correlation matrix of downlink channel. Then, according to the ECG defined as the squared inner product of the dedicated channel and an arbitrary precoding vector, the inner precoder is selected among the eigenvectors of the dedicated channel's correlation matrix with the maximum ECG. Simulation results show that the proposed SBF scheme outperforms conventional schemes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering