The effect of the protein kinase C inhibitor, staurosporine, on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis was investigated in rat mandibular salivary acinar cells loaded with fura-2. Fura-2 fluorescence was measured at 510 nm while the excitation wavelength was alternated between 340 nm and 380 nm. The ratio of fluorescence intensity (F340/380) was used as an index of [Ca2+]i. Stimulation of acinar cells with 10 μM carbachol (CCh) induced a rapid increase in F340/380 followed by a slow decrease to a sustained elevated level. Addition of 1 μM staurosporine in the presence of CCh caused a further increase in F340/380. In order to examine whether the staurosporine-induced increase in F340/380 could be attributed either to the Ca2+ entry pathway or to the mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores, 1 μM staurosporine was added in the presence of CCh after Ca2+ had been omitted from the perfusate. Even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, F340/380 still increased slowly from 0.75 ± 0.05 to 1.57 ± 0.24 after a delay ranging between 5 min and 10 min. However, the IP3-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores did not seem to play a major role in this phenomenon because staurosporine still increased F340/380 by 0.6 ± 0.10 after the complete depletion of IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores by the exposure of cells to 1 μM thapsigargin, a microsomal Ca2+ ATPase inhibitor, in Ca2+-free conditions. These results suggest that staurosporine mobilizes Ca2+ from IP3-insensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores in rat mandibular salivary acinar cells.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Journal of Morphology|
|Issue number||2 SUPPL.|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Dec 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)