The use of drug-eluting stents (DESs) is a promising strategy for non-vascular diseases, especially human biliary cancer. However, the implementation of DESs suffers from two major obstacles: the side effects of drugs and the difficulty of controlling the drug release. These problems can be overcome if the stent elutes targeting nanoparticles that release drugs at time intervals that are dictated by the mechanisms of those drugs. We designed temporally controlled polymeric multi-prodrug nanoparticles (TCMPNs) that can be eluted from stents comprising polyurethane (PU) nanofiber as a polymeric matrix and paclitaxel (PTX)-loaded, CD44-targeting, hyaluronic acid-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) and gemcitabine (GEM) (P-H-G). TCMPNs enable two different types of drugs to be released temporally; PTX is released first owing to the collapse of the structure in the endosomes, and GEM, which induces synergistic anticancer activities, is hydrolyzed from P-H-G later in response to low pH. Embedded in the PU nanofiber, the TCMPNs demonstrate low initial burst behavior and sustainable release of the prodrug in vitro. Furthermore, TCMPN-eluting stents (TESs) exhibit continuous synergistic efficacy as available targeted cellular uptake prodrug delivery systems in tumor-bearing mice. These results demonstrate that this technology will open up cancer therapy by combining localized delivery and functional multi-drug-loaded nanoparticles.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)