Strengthening and toughening behaviors of a Mg-9Al alloy containing oxygen atoms

S. W. Kang, H. Kang, D. H. Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oxygen atoms are dispersed in a Mg-9Al alloy (Mg-O-9Al alloy) with the decomposition of TiO2 nanoparticles in melt. During the solidification process, the oxygen atoms are redistributed, affecting the development of the fine eutectic β-phase containing a higher concentration of oxygen atoms than that α-Mg since they have a limited solubility in α-Mg and assist the nucleation of α-Mg. The dissolved oxygen atoms expand the lattice structures of both α-Mg and β-phase, inducing the reduced lattice mismatch between α-Mg and β-phase. Therefore, yield stress of the Mg-O-9Al alloy is 143 MPa, much higher than 110 MPa observed in the Mg-9Al alloy. Fracture toughness values of 10.39 MPa m1/2 and 12.86 MPa m1/2 for both the Mg-9Al and Mg-O-9Al alloys are also respectively obtained. The fracture surface reveals that the crack propagates along the weak interface of β-phase in the Mg-9Al alloy. On the other hand, the β-phase disturbs the crack propagation route in the Mg-O-9Al alloy, showing many broken β-phases. Therefore, the improved interfacial feature with an addition of dissolved oxygen atoms in the Mg-O-9Al alloy results in enhanced mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume725
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Toughening
Strengthening (metal)
Oxygen
Atoms
Dissolved oxygen
Lattice mismatch
Eutectics
Yield stress
Solidification
Fracture toughness
Crack propagation
Nucleation
Solubility
Nanoparticles
Cracks
Decomposition
Mechanical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Strengthening and toughening behaviors of a Mg-9Al alloy containing oxygen atoms",
abstract = "Oxygen atoms are dispersed in a Mg-9Al alloy (Mg-O-9Al alloy) with the decomposition of TiO2 nanoparticles in melt. During the solidification process, the oxygen atoms are redistributed, affecting the development of the fine eutectic β-phase containing a higher concentration of oxygen atoms than that α-Mg since they have a limited solubility in α-Mg and assist the nucleation of α-Mg. The dissolved oxygen atoms expand the lattice structures of both α-Mg and β-phase, inducing the reduced lattice mismatch between α-Mg and β-phase. Therefore, yield stress of the Mg-O-9Al alloy is 143 MPa, much higher than 110 MPa observed in the Mg-9Al alloy. Fracture toughness values of 10.39 MPa m1/2 and 12.86 MPa m1/2 for both the Mg-9Al and Mg-O-9Al alloys are also respectively obtained. The fracture surface reveals that the crack propagates along the weak interface of β-phase in the Mg-9Al alloy. On the other hand, the β-phase disturbs the crack propagation route in the Mg-O-9Al alloy, showing many broken β-phases. Therefore, the improved interfacial feature with an addition of dissolved oxygen atoms in the Mg-O-9Al alloy results in enhanced mechanical properties.",
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Strengthening and toughening behaviors of a Mg-9Al alloy containing oxygen atoms. / Kang, S. W.; Kang, H.; Bae, D. H.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 725, 01.01.2017, p. 441-448.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Oxygen atoms are dispersed in a Mg-9Al alloy (Mg-O-9Al alloy) with the decomposition of TiO2 nanoparticles in melt. During the solidification process, the oxygen atoms are redistributed, affecting the development of the fine eutectic β-phase containing a higher concentration of oxygen atoms than that α-Mg since they have a limited solubility in α-Mg and assist the nucleation of α-Mg. The dissolved oxygen atoms expand the lattice structures of both α-Mg and β-phase, inducing the reduced lattice mismatch between α-Mg and β-phase. Therefore, yield stress of the Mg-O-9Al alloy is 143 MPa, much higher than 110 MPa observed in the Mg-9Al alloy. Fracture toughness values of 10.39 MPa m1/2 and 12.86 MPa m1/2 for both the Mg-9Al and Mg-O-9Al alloys are also respectively obtained. The fracture surface reveals that the crack propagates along the weak interface of β-phase in the Mg-9Al alloy. On the other hand, the β-phase disturbs the crack propagation route in the Mg-O-9Al alloy, showing many broken β-phases. Therefore, the improved interfacial feature with an addition of dissolved oxygen atoms in the Mg-O-9Al alloy results in enhanced mechanical properties.

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