Moyamoya disease in adults is a chronic, progressive disorder characterized by fine collateral vessel networks in the brain. The disorder can lead to negative mood and stress, which, left unresolved, may increase adverse health outcomes. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to examine stress and mood of adults with moyamoya disease. Participants were recruited at a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. Data were collected through questionnaires and review of participants' electronic medical records. A total of 109 adults participated. Significant correlations were found between perceived stress, anxiety, and depression. Adults with moyamoya disease experience anxiety, depression, and stress related to the risk of cerebral hemorrhage or ischemia, similar to those with other cerebrovascular disease. If negative mood and stress were uncontrolled, those can cuase adverse health outcomes. Health professionals caring for people with moyamoya disease should carefully observe their stress and mood and develop interventions tailored to stages of disease to help them manage. The study results provide baseline information for understanding the level of, and the factors associated with, stress and mood.
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