Stress distribution in pediatric zirconia crowns depending on different tooth preparation and cement type: a finite element analysis

Sang Yeop Chung, Hyeonjong Lee, Yong Kwon Chae, Yun Sun Jung, Su Sung Jo, Ko Eun Lee, Sung Chul Choi, Ok Hyung Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In clinical settings, tooth preparation for prefabricated zirconia crowns (PZCs) in the primary dentition varies widely. However, knowledge about the biomechanical behavior of PZCs in various clinical settings is limited. This study was conducted to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of PZCs in different clinical settings using 3-dimensional finite element analysis. Methods: 3-dimensional models of the PZC, cement, and tooth with six different conditions were simulated in primary molar teeth, incorporating cement thickness (100, 500, and 1000 μm) and cement type (resin-modified glass ionomer cement and resin cement). A total of 200 N of occlusal force was applied to the models, both vertically and obliquely as representative cases. A general linear model univariate analysis with partial eta-squared (ηp2) was performed to evaluate the relative effects of the variables. Results: The overall stress of tooth was increased as the cement space increases under oblique loading. The von Mises stress values of the resin cements were significantly higher than those of the resin-modified glass ionomer cements for all cement thicknesses (p <.05). The effect size of the cement type (ηp2 =.519) was more dominant than the cement thickness (ηp2 =.132) in the cement layer. Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, cement type has a greater influence on the biomechanical behavior of PZCs than cement thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number550
JournalBMC oral health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1C1C1006937) and supported by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA) grant funded by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (No. 22NANO-C156177-03).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)


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