Stressed Out: Predictors of Depression Among Jail Officers and Deputies

Lisa A. Jaegers, Monica M. Matthieu, Paul Werth, Syed Omar Ahmad, Ellen Barnidge, Michael G. Vaughn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prevalence and predictors of depression, a debilitating medical illness, are unknown among officers working in jails. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with jail officers at four facilities, utilizing age, ethnicity, gender, musculoskeletal back disorder, global physical health and mental health, and psychological well-being as predictor variables. Descriptive analyses detailed prevalence, and hierarchical regression models identified depression predictors. The prevalence of depression among jail officers was high and strongly influenced by job burnout over and above other health indicators. Mitigation of workplace stressors and identification of targeted interventions are needed to reduce risks for depression among jail officers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-261
Number of pages22
JournalPrison Journal
Volume100
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Jaegers Lisa A. 1 Matthieu Monica M. 1 Werth Paul 1 Ahmad Syed Omar 1 Barnidge Ellen 1 Vaughn Michael G. 1 1 Saint Louis University, MO, USA Lisa A. Jaegers, Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Saint Louis University, Allied Health Building, 3437 Caroline St., Suite 2020, St. Louis, MO 63014, USA. Email: lisa.jaegers@health.slu.edu 12 2019 0032885519894658 © 2019 SAGE Publications 2019 SAGE Publications Prevalence and predictors of depression, a debilitating medical illness, are unknown among officers working in jails. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with jail officers at four facilities, utilizing age, ethnicity, gender, musculoskeletal back disorder, global physical health and mental health, and psychological well-being as predictor variables. Descriptive analyses detailed prevalence, and hierarchical regression models identified depression predictors. The prevalence of depression among jail officers was high and strongly influenced by job burnout over and above other health indicators. Mitigation of workplace stressors and identification of targeted interventions are needed to reduce risks for depression among jail officers. mental health job burnout jail officer occupational health health promotion edited-state corrected-proof typesetter ts1 The authors graciously thank the correctional officers, sheriff’s deputies, and jail facilities for their participation in the study. The authors are grateful for the assistance of the graduate students, Gregory Scheetz, Emily Bixler, and Saketh Nadimpalli, and staff who contributed to this research project. Declaration of Conflicting Interests The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. Funding The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by a pilot project grant from the Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest (HWC) at the University of Iowa. The HWC is supported by Cooperative Agreement No. U19OH008868 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The contents are solely the responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of the CDC, NIOSH, HWC, or participating jails.

Funding Information:
The authors graciously thank the correctional officers, sheriff?s deputies, and jail facilities for their participation in the study. The authors are grateful for the assistance of the graduate students, Gregory Scheetz, Emily Bixler, and Saketh Nadimpalli, and staff who contributed to this research project. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by a pilot project grant from the Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest (HWC) at the University of Iowa. The HWC is supported by Cooperative Agreement No. U19OH008868 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The contents are solely the responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of the CDC, NIOSH, HWC, or participating jails.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 SAGE Publications.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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