Stromal transforming growth factor-beta 1 is crucial for reinforcing the invasive potential of low invasive cancer

Young Sun Hwang, Kwang Kyun Park, WonYoon Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Tumour cells alter the characteristics of the adjacent stroma to create a supportive microenvironment during cancer progression. In vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out to verify the role of stromal TGF-β1 in reinforcing of the invasive potential in low invasive cancer. Materials and methods Isolated NF or CAF was co-cultured with low invasive HSC-2 cells to evaluate whether stromal TGF-β1 induced PDPN expression by Transwell invasion and influenced tumour growth in orthotopic xenografts. Results Stimulation by TGF-β1 promoted PDPN expression and Transwell invasion through SMAD signalling as well as activation of Src, P38 mitogen activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated kinase 1/2. PDPN induction was TβRII-dependent. Tumour growth of HSC-2 OSCC in a mouse xenograft was intensified in the tumour CAF microenvironment. Conclusions Stromal TGF-β1 signalling promoted PDPN expression in cancer cells, thereby enhancing tumour growth and leading to a more invasive phenotype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-694
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

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Transforming Growth Factor beta
Neoplasms
Tumor Microenvironment
Heterografts
Growth
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Phosphotransferases
Phenotype

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Stromal transforming growth factor-beta 1 is crucial for reinforcing the invasive potential of low invasive cancer",
abstract = "Objective Tumour cells alter the characteristics of the adjacent stroma to create a supportive microenvironment during cancer progression. In vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out to verify the role of stromal TGF-β1 in reinforcing of the invasive potential in low invasive cancer. Materials and methods Isolated NF or CAF was co-cultured with low invasive HSC-2 cells to evaluate whether stromal TGF-β1 induced PDPN expression by Transwell invasion and influenced tumour growth in orthotopic xenografts. Results Stimulation by TGF-β1 promoted PDPN expression and Transwell invasion through SMAD signalling as well as activation of Src, P38 mitogen activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated kinase 1/2. PDPN induction was TβRII-dependent. Tumour growth of HSC-2 OSCC in a mouse xenograft was intensified in the tumour CAF microenvironment. Conclusions Stromal TGF-β1 signalling promoted PDPN expression in cancer cells, thereby enhancing tumour growth and leading to a more invasive phenotype.",
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Stromal transforming growth factor-beta 1 is crucial for reinforcing the invasive potential of low invasive cancer. / Hwang, Young Sun; Park, Kwang Kyun; Chung, WonYoon.

In: Archives of Oral Biology, Vol. 59, No. 7, 01.01.2014, p. 687-694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hwang, Young Sun

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AU - Chung, WonYoon

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N2 - Objective Tumour cells alter the characteristics of the adjacent stroma to create a supportive microenvironment during cancer progression. In vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out to verify the role of stromal TGF-β1 in reinforcing of the invasive potential in low invasive cancer. Materials and methods Isolated NF or CAF was co-cultured with low invasive HSC-2 cells to evaluate whether stromal TGF-β1 induced PDPN expression by Transwell invasion and influenced tumour growth in orthotopic xenografts. Results Stimulation by TGF-β1 promoted PDPN expression and Transwell invasion through SMAD signalling as well as activation of Src, P38 mitogen activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated kinase 1/2. PDPN induction was TβRII-dependent. Tumour growth of HSC-2 OSCC in a mouse xenograft was intensified in the tumour CAF microenvironment. Conclusions Stromal TGF-β1 signalling promoted PDPN expression in cancer cells, thereby enhancing tumour growth and leading to a more invasive phenotype.

AB - Objective Tumour cells alter the characteristics of the adjacent stroma to create a supportive microenvironment during cancer progression. In vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out to verify the role of stromal TGF-β1 in reinforcing of the invasive potential in low invasive cancer. Materials and methods Isolated NF or CAF was co-cultured with low invasive HSC-2 cells to evaluate whether stromal TGF-β1 induced PDPN expression by Transwell invasion and influenced tumour growth in orthotopic xenografts. Results Stimulation by TGF-β1 promoted PDPN expression and Transwell invasion through SMAD signalling as well as activation of Src, P38 mitogen activated protein kinase and extracellular regulated kinase 1/2. PDPN induction was TβRII-dependent. Tumour growth of HSC-2 OSCC in a mouse xenograft was intensified in the tumour CAF microenvironment. Conclusions Stromal TGF-β1 signalling promoted PDPN expression in cancer cells, thereby enhancing tumour growth and leading to a more invasive phenotype.

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