Electronic band engineering is a promising approach to enhance the thermopower of thermoelectric materials. In transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), this has so far only been achieved using their inherent semiconducting nature. Here, we report the thickness-modulated band engineering of nanosheets based on semimetallic platinum diselenide (PtSe2) resulting in a thermopower enhancement of more than 50 times than that of the bulk. We obtained this by introducing a semimetal to semiconductor (SMSC) transition resulting in the formation of a bandgap. This approach based on semimetallic TMDCs provides potential advantages such as a large variation of transport properties, a decrease of the ambipolar transport effect, and a high carrier density dependence of the transport properties. Our observations suggest that the SMSC transition in TMDCs is a promising and straightforward strategy for the development of two-dimensional nanostructured thermoelectric materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)