Cobalt oxide (Co3O4) has emerged as a promising battery-type material for electrochemical energy storage devices; however, the low ionic diffusivity, sluggish charge transfer kinetics, and dramatic volume expansion that occur during cycling hamper the further improvement of its electrochemical properties. Herein, a surface and structural engineering strategy to prepare hybrid nanosheets with a metal-organic framework (MOF) as a template is employed, in which in situ phosphorus-doped Co3O4 nanoparticles are evenly integrated within a conducting P–N co-doped carbon matrix (denoted as P–Co3O4@PNC). The hybrid architecture provides a shortened ion diffusion distance, an expanded surface-to-volume ratio, newly created active sites, and enrichened structural defects. The high availability of electrochemical active sites/interfaces along with the strong intercomponent synergy of heteroatom-doped Co3O4 and carbon enable the fast charge/mass transfer kinetics required for superior charge-storage capabilities. P–Co3O4@PNC hybrid nanosheets deliver a high specific capacity of 614 mC cm−2 at 1 mA cm−2 and an extraordinary cycling stability. Flexible solid-state asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) devices constructed with self-supported P–Co3O4@PNC and PNC materials exhibit a high energy density of 69.6 W h kg−1 at a power density of 750 W kg−1, and display excellent cycling stability with a capacitance retention of 96.8% even after 10000 cycles at 20 A g−1. Moreover, the fabricated ASC devices present superior performance uniformities and high flexibilities with no significant capacitance changes under different flexing conditions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the national research foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MIST) (No.NRF-2019R1A2C2090443), Nano·Material Technology Development Program (NRF-2017M3A7B4041987) and the Korean Government (MSIP) (NRF-2015R1A5A1037668).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology