It is well known that As(III) has a higher mobility compared to As(V) in the environment. This fact is explained by the high reversibility of As(III) adsorption on minerals such as Al (hydr)oxides. Nevertheless, experimental results pointed out that adsorption of As(III) leads to inner-sphere complexes, which appears to be in conflict with the high mobility of these species as inner-sphere complexes should be strongly attached. In this work we used density functional methods and cluster models to study two different mechanisms for the H3AsO3 adsorption on gibbsite-γ-Al(OH)3, one of the most abundant aluminum hydroxide minerals. Our results show that, differently from the As(V) case, As(III) is not adsorbed via an acid/base, but by a non-dissociative mechanism in which O-H bonds are not being broken. This non-dissociative mechanism also conciliates the high remobilization of As(III) with the apparently inconsistent formation of inner-sphere adsorption complexes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by the Millennium Science Initiative: Water a mineral approach and by the PROBRAL (CAPES/DAAD) program. The Brazilian agencies FAPEMIG (Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais), CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) are gratefully acknowledged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry