Structural refinement and density functional theory study of synthetic Ge-akaganéite (β-FeOOH)

Donghoon Chung, Changyun Park, Woohyun Choi, Yungoo Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this study, we propose a revised structural model for highly ordered synthetic Ge-akaganéite, a stable analogue of tunnel-type Fe-oxyhydroxide, based on the Rietveld refinement of synchrotron X-ray diffraction data and density functional theory with dispersion correction (DFT-D) calculations. In the proposed crystal structure of Ge-akaganéite, Ge is found not only in the tunnel sites as GeO(OH)3 tetrahedra, but also 4/5 of total Ge atoms are in the octahedral sites substituting 1/10 of Fe. In addition, the tunnel structures are stabilized by the presence of hydrogen bonds between the framework OH and Cl species, forming a twisted cube structure and the GeO(OH)3 tetrahedra corner oxygen, forming a conjugation bond. The chemical formula of the synthetic Ge-akaganéite was determined to be (Fe7.2Ge0.8)O8.8(OH)7.2Cl0.8(Ge(OH)4)0.2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number239
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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