Studies on the starting transient of a straight cylindrical supersonic exhaust diffuser: Effects of diffuser length and pre-evacuation state

Byung Hoon Park, Ji Hyung Lee, Woongsup Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of essential performance parameters on the starting transient of a straight cylindrical supersonic exhaust diffuser (SED) are numerically investigated. Diffuser starting and evacuation transients are examined in terms of SED lengths and pre-evacuation configuration. Preconditioned Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes equations incorporated with a low Reynolds number turbulence model and Sakar's method to treat turbulence compressibility is solved for strongly turbulent all-Mach diffuser flows. The numerical method is properly validated with the measurements with accuracy. Characteristic locus of diffuser-starting and diffuser-unstarting modes is constructed for the diffusers of three different lengths (L/D = 2, 5, and 20). Flow evolutions visualized in diffuser mode-transition regimes manifest a threshold L/D over which the SED starting transient is unique. An occurrence of plume blowback into the vacuum chamber due to lower initial pressure (PC,INIT/PA = 0.0027) expedites expansion of nozzle exhaust and diffuser choking, and causes faster chamber evacuation than the atmospheric starting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1369-1379
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1

Fingerprint

exhaust diffusers
diffusers
Turbulence models
Compressibility
Navier Stokes equations
Mach number
Nozzles
Numerical methods
Reynolds number
Turbulence
Vacuum
exhaust nozzles
turbulence models
low Reynolds number
loci
vacuum chambers
Navier-Stokes equation
compressibility
plumes
chambers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "Effects of essential performance parameters on the starting transient of a straight cylindrical supersonic exhaust diffuser (SED) are numerically investigated. Diffuser starting and evacuation transients are examined in terms of SED lengths and pre-evacuation configuration. Preconditioned Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes equations incorporated with a low Reynolds number turbulence model and Sakar's method to treat turbulence compressibility is solved for strongly turbulent all-Mach diffuser flows. The numerical method is properly validated with the measurements with accuracy. Characteristic locus of diffuser-starting and diffuser-unstarting modes is constructed for the diffusers of three different lengths (L/D = 2, 5, and 20). Flow evolutions visualized in diffuser mode-transition regimes manifest a threshold L/D over which the SED starting transient is unique. An occurrence of plume blowback into the vacuum chamber due to lower initial pressure (PC,INIT/PA = 0.0027) expedites expansion of nozzle exhaust and diffuser choking, and causes faster chamber evacuation than the atmospheric starting.",
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Studies on the starting transient of a straight cylindrical supersonic exhaust diffuser : Effects of diffuser length and pre-evacuation state. / Park, Byung Hoon; Lee, Ji Hyung; Yoon, Woongsup.

In: International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 29, No. 5, 01.10.2008, p. 1369-1379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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