This paper introduces the vertically aligned twisted nematic in-plane switching (VPS) structure, and compares the electro-optical (EO) characteristics of VPS liquid crystal displays (LCDs) and in-plane switching (IPS) LCDs. Various VPS-LCD pretilt angles were induced, and ion beam (IB) irradiation was used to enhance the EO properties. An x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis of the IB-irradiated polymer surface confirmed that the intensity of C=O bonding as a function of exposure time traced the pretilt angles. The pretilt angle effect on optical properties was first analyzed in the experimental results. While multidomain vertical alignment LCDs and IPS-LCDs only resolve one difficulty, the VPS-LCDs described here overcome several viewing angle and transmittance curve problems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)