Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) oxidized with poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is a candidate material for applications in molecular electronics, such as organic field effect devices, organic photovoltaics, and organic light emitting devices. The properties of 3.5-4.0 nm sized SnO2 nanoparticles doped PEDOT:PSS films were investigated for anode application. Sheet resistance was decreased and rms roughness was slightly increased with the incorporation of SnO2 nanoparticles. However, the connectivity of conducting grains was improved by the plasticizing effect of surface -OH groups of SnO2 nanoparticle. Using photoemission spectroscopy and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), the electronic structure of the films is studied comparatively on the C 1s NEXAFS, secondary electron emission cut off, and valence band spectra. The start of electron emission retarded and valence band maximum was increased in the PEDOT:PSS-SnO2 nanocomposite films. These changes in the electronic structure resulted from emitted electron screening of core-hole in the PEDOT:PSS energy band and electron donation of SnO2 nanoparticles.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgement The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from University Research Program supported by Ministry of Information & Communication in Rrepublic of Korea (B1220-0401-0356). The experiments at PAL (4B1) were supported in part by MOST and POSTECH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry