Study of the effect of coal type and particle size on char-CO2 gasification via gas analysis

Yong Tack Kim, Dong Kyun Seo, Jungho Hwang

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56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Char gasification is affected by operating conditions such as reaction temperature, reactant gas partial pressure, total system pressure, and particle size, in addition to the chemical composition and the physical structure of the coal. We characterized the effects of coal type and particle size on the CO 2 gasification of chars prepared from 12 bituminous coals at different reaction temperatures (1050-1400 °C). Each coal sample was devolatilized at 950 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere to become coal char, and it was further heated to reach the desired temperature for gasification with CO2 under isothermal conditions. Temporal variations of CO and CO2 concentrations were measured using a real time gas analyzer with a nondispersive infrared (NDIR) CO/CO2 sensor. The reactivity increased as the volatile matter content and alkali index of the coal increased. In addition, the reactivity increased as the particle size decreased for a given temperature. The shrinking core model (SCM) was better for higher particle sizes, whereas the volume reaction model (VRM) was better for smaller particle sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5044-5054
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume25
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 17

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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