The effect of vanadium loading on the activity of V/MgO catalysts was studied for the wet oxidation of H 2S to sulfur. The H 2S removal capacity with respect to vanadia content increased ≤ 6 wt %, and decreased with further increase in vanadia loading. The surface coverage calculation of V 2O 5 suggested that a vanadia addition up to a monomolecular layer on MgO support increased the H 2S removal capacity of V/MgO, but the further increase of VO x surface coverage rather decreased. Raman spectroscopy showed that the small domains of Mg 3(V0 4) 2 could be present on V/MgO with lt; 6 wt % V loading. TPR experiments showed that V/MgO catalysts with the loading below 6 wt % V were more reducible than those above 6 wt % V. The H 2S oxidation with V/MgO proceeded from the redox mechanism and V 3+ formation, deep reduction, was responsible for the deactivation of V/MgO. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 227th ACS National Meeting (Anaheim, CA 3/28/2004-4/1/2004).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)