Subjective cognitive decline predicts future deterioration in cognitively normal patients with Parkinson's disease

Jin Yong Hong, Mun Kyung Sunwoo, Seok Jong Chung, Jee Hyun Ham, Ji E. Lee, Young H. Sohn, Phil Hyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a potential predictor of future cognitive decline or dementia. We investigated whether SCD in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is a predictor of future cognitive decline. Forty-six cognitively normal patients with PD were selected using comprehensive neuropsychological tests, and classified depending on the presence (PD-SCD+, n= 25) or absence of SCD (PD-SCD-, n= 21). After a mean follow-up of 2.4 years, we repeated the cognitive assessments with the same subjects. The clinical characteristics and cognitive performance of the 2 groups did not differ at baseline. At the follow-up assessment, 11 patients in the PD-SCD+ group (44.0%) and 2 in the PD-SCD- group (9.5%) were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and the PD-SCD+ patients showed more rapid decline in semantic fluency and visuospatial memory tasks than those in the PD-SCD- group. A multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that presence of SCD (odds ratio, 8.378; 95% confidential interval, 1.472-47.683, p= 0.017) and higher Unified PD Rating Scale motor score of 20 or more (odds ratio, 4.539; 95% confidential interval, 1.004-20.528; p= 0.049) were risk factors for incident MCI. Present results demonstrate that SCD in cognitively normal patients with PD is an independent risk factor for incident MCI and acts as a predictor for future cognitive decline.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1739-1743
Number of pages5
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Ageing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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