Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks

Ehsan Ghazanfari, Suk Un Yoon, Yi Dong, Xu Li, Carlos I. Medina, Donald Seserko, Liang Cheng, Tae Sup Yun, Sibel Pamukcu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can be useful in subsurface geo-event monitoring. Hazard monitoring and effective in-situ characterization are some key issues that can be addressed by use of WSN in the subsurface. In this study a new concept of WSN application for subsurface geo-event monitoring was investigated. The new concept of functional signal takes advantage of the variations of signal strength of radios transmitted between the distributed sensor nodes of a WSN to monitor and characterize the sensed area. Experiments demonstrated that calibrated wireless signal strength variations can be used as indicators to sense changes in the subsurface. Based on the experimental results the new approach can be exploited further to provide a sensing methodology to identify and monitor subsurface hazards through the evolution of select physical conditions in the subsurface. These subsurface hazards can range from intrusion of a chemical plume to the onset of a slide which could change markedly the physical properties of the host soil, hence the functional signal transmitted with an embedded WSN.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeo-Frontiers 2011
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference
Pages1732-1742
Number of pages11
Edition211 GSP
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 27
EventGeo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: 2011 Mar 132011 Mar 16

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
Number211 GSP
ISSN (Print)0895-0563

Other

OtherGeo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering
CountryUnited States
CityDallas, TX
Period11/3/1311/3/16

Fingerprint

Wireless sensor networks
sensor
Monitoring
monitoring
Hazards
hazard
Radio receivers
Sensor nodes
Physical properties
Soils
plume
physical property
radio
methodology
Experiments
soil
experiment

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Ghazanfari, E., Yoon, S. U., Dong, Y., Li, X., Medina, C. I., Seserko, D., ... Pamukcu, S. (2011). Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks. In Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference (211 GSP ed., pp. 1732-1742). (Geotechnical Special Publication; No. 211 GSP). https://doi.org/10.1061/41165(397)177
Ghazanfari, Ehsan ; Yoon, Suk Un ; Dong, Yi ; Li, Xu ; Medina, Carlos I. ; Seserko, Donald ; Cheng, Liang ; Yun, Tae Sup ; Pamukcu, Sibel. / Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks. Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference. 211 GSP. ed. 2011. pp. 1732-1742 (Geotechnical Special Publication; 211 GSP).
@inproceedings{f02e6cd45a84425aa7856bc51e2df6c1,
title = "Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks",
abstract = "Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can be useful in subsurface geo-event monitoring. Hazard monitoring and effective in-situ characterization are some key issues that can be addressed by use of WSN in the subsurface. In this study a new concept of WSN application for subsurface geo-event monitoring was investigated. The new concept of functional signal takes advantage of the variations of signal strength of radios transmitted between the distributed sensor nodes of a WSN to monitor and characterize the sensed area. Experiments demonstrated that calibrated wireless signal strength variations can be used as indicators to sense changes in the subsurface. Based on the experimental results the new approach can be exploited further to provide a sensing methodology to identify and monitor subsurface hazards through the evolution of select physical conditions in the subsurface. These subsurface hazards can range from intrusion of a chemical plume to the onset of a slide which could change markedly the physical properties of the host soil, hence the functional signal transmitted with an embedded WSN.",
author = "Ehsan Ghazanfari and Yoon, {Suk Un} and Yi Dong and Xu Li and Medina, {Carlos I.} and Donald Seserko and Liang Cheng and Yun, {Tae Sup} and Sibel Pamukcu",
year = "2011",
month = "5",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1061/41165(397)177",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780784411650",
series = "Geotechnical Special Publication",
number = "211 GSP",
pages = "1732--1742",
booktitle = "Geo-Frontiers 2011",
edition = "211 GSP",

}

Ghazanfari, E, Yoon, SU, Dong, Y, Li, X, Medina, CI, Seserko, D, Cheng, L, Yun, TS & Pamukcu, S 2011, Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks. in Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference. 211 GSP edn, Geotechnical Special Publication, no. 211 GSP, pp. 1732-1742, Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering, Dallas, TX, United States, 11/3/13. https://doi.org/10.1061/41165(397)177

Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks. / Ghazanfari, Ehsan; Yoon, Suk Un; Dong, Yi; Li, Xu; Medina, Carlos I.; Seserko, Donald; Cheng, Liang; Yun, Tae Sup; Pamukcu, Sibel.

Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference. 211 GSP. ed. 2011. p. 1732-1742 (Geotechnical Special Publication; No. 211 GSP).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks

AU - Ghazanfari, Ehsan

AU - Yoon, Suk Un

AU - Dong, Yi

AU - Li, Xu

AU - Medina, Carlos I.

AU - Seserko, Donald

AU - Cheng, Liang

AU - Yun, Tae Sup

AU - Pamukcu, Sibel

PY - 2011/5/27

Y1 - 2011/5/27

N2 - Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can be useful in subsurface geo-event monitoring. Hazard monitoring and effective in-situ characterization are some key issues that can be addressed by use of WSN in the subsurface. In this study a new concept of WSN application for subsurface geo-event monitoring was investigated. The new concept of functional signal takes advantage of the variations of signal strength of radios transmitted between the distributed sensor nodes of a WSN to monitor and characterize the sensed area. Experiments demonstrated that calibrated wireless signal strength variations can be used as indicators to sense changes in the subsurface. Based on the experimental results the new approach can be exploited further to provide a sensing methodology to identify and monitor subsurface hazards through the evolution of select physical conditions in the subsurface. These subsurface hazards can range from intrusion of a chemical plume to the onset of a slide which could change markedly the physical properties of the host soil, hence the functional signal transmitted with an embedded WSN.

AB - Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) can be useful in subsurface geo-event monitoring. Hazard monitoring and effective in-situ characterization are some key issues that can be addressed by use of WSN in the subsurface. In this study a new concept of WSN application for subsurface geo-event monitoring was investigated. The new concept of functional signal takes advantage of the variations of signal strength of radios transmitted between the distributed sensor nodes of a WSN to monitor and characterize the sensed area. Experiments demonstrated that calibrated wireless signal strength variations can be used as indicators to sense changes in the subsurface. Based on the experimental results the new approach can be exploited further to provide a sensing methodology to identify and monitor subsurface hazards through the evolution of select physical conditions in the subsurface. These subsurface hazards can range from intrusion of a chemical plume to the onset of a slide which could change markedly the physical properties of the host soil, hence the functional signal transmitted with an embedded WSN.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79956344762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79956344762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/41165(397)177

DO - 10.1061/41165(397)177

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:79956344762

SN - 9780784411650

T3 - Geotechnical Special Publication

SP - 1732

EP - 1742

BT - Geo-Frontiers 2011

ER -

Ghazanfari E, Yoon SU, Dong Y, Li X, Medina CI, Seserko D et al. Subsurface geo-event monitoring using wireless sensor networks. In Geo-Frontiers 2011: Advances in Geotechnical Engineering - Proceedings of the Geo-Frontiers 2011 Conference. 211 GSP ed. 2011. p. 1732-1742. (Geotechnical Special Publication; 211 GSP). https://doi.org/10.1061/41165(397)177