Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) membranes based on biphenol for direct methanol fuel cells

Se Joon Im, Rajkumar Patel, Se Jong Shin, Jong Hak Kim, Byoung Ryul Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) (PAES) were synthesized through direct aromatic nucleophilic substitution polycondensation of 3,3′-disulfonate-4,4′-dichlorodiphenylsulfone (SDCDPS), 4,4-dichlorodiphenylsulfone (DCDPS) and 4,4-biphenol (BP). With increasing sulfonate groups in the polymer, water uptake, ion exchange capacity (IEC) and proton conductivities increased, resulting from enhanced membrane hydrophilicity. The membranes exhibited higher thermal stability up to 300 °C, verified by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A maximum proton conductivity of 0.11 S/cm at 50 mol% of sulfonation degree was measured at 30 °C, which is slightly higher than Nafion®117 membrane (0.0908 S/cm). However, the methanol permeability of the PAES membrane was much lower than that of Nafion®117 membrane. As a result, a single cell performance test demonstrated that PAES-BP with 50 mol% sulfonation degree exhibited higher power density than Nafion®117.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-737
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 1

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Sulfones
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
Ether
Ethers
Membranes
Sulfonation
Proton conductivity
Hydrophilicity
Polycondensation
Methanol
Thermogravimetric analysis
Ion exchange
Polymers
Thermodynamic stability
Substitution reactions
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) membranes based on biphenol for direct methanol fuel cells",
abstract = "A series of sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) (PAES) were synthesized through direct aromatic nucleophilic substitution polycondensation of 3,3′-disulfonate-4,4′-dichlorodiphenylsulfone (SDCDPS), 4,4-dichlorodiphenylsulfone (DCDPS) and 4,4-biphenol (BP). With increasing sulfonate groups in the polymer, water uptake, ion exchange capacity (IEC) and proton conductivities increased, resulting from enhanced membrane hydrophilicity. The membranes exhibited higher thermal stability up to 300 °C, verified by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A maximum proton conductivity of 0.11 S/cm at 50 mol{\%} of sulfonation degree was measured at 30 °C, which is slightly higher than Nafion{\circledR}117 membrane (0.0908 S/cm). However, the methanol permeability of the PAES membrane was much lower than that of Nafion{\circledR}117 membrane. As a result, a single cell performance test demonstrated that PAES-BP with 50 mol{\%} sulfonation degree exhibited higher power density than Nafion{\circledR}117.",
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Sulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) membranes based on biphenol for direct methanol fuel cells. / Im, Se Joon; Patel, Rajkumar; Shin, Se Jong; Kim, Jong Hak; Min, Byoung Ryul.

In: Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.07.2008, p. 732-737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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