Purpose 11C-acetate (11C-ACE) uptake on PET/CT was recently discovered to represent reactive astrocytes in the tumor microenvironment. This study aimed at evaluating the role of 11C-ACE PET/CT as an imaging biomarker of reactive astrogliosis in characterizing different types of gliomas. Methods In this prospective study, a total of 182 patients underwent 11C-ACE PET/CT before surgery. The ratio of SUVmax of a glioma to the SUVmean of the contralateral choroid plexus (11C-ACE TCR) on PET/CT was calculated. 11C-ACE TCRs were compared with the World Health Organization grades and isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation status. Grade 2 was considered low-grade tumor, and grades 3 and 4 were considered high-grade tumors. Results The median 11C-ACE TCR was significantly higher in IDH1 wild-type (wt) tumors (n = 91) than in IDH1-mutant (mt) tumors (n = 91) (2.38 vs 1.30, P < 0.001). Of the 91 IDH1-mt tumors, there were no differences in the median 11C-ACE TCRs between oligodendrogliomas (ODs) and astrocytic tumors (1.40 vs 1.20, P > 0.05). In grading low- versus high-grade gliomas, the receiver operating characteristic curve analyses showed a higher area under the curve (0.951) in IDH1-wt tumors than in IDH1-mt tumors (0.783, P = 0.002). Grade 2 ODs were well differentiated from high-grade gliomas. The 11C-ACE TCR of grade 3 ODs was significantly lower than that of IDH1-wt glioblastomas. Conclusions High 11C-ACE uptake is associated with high-grade IDH1-wt tumors, thus facilitating differentiation from high-grade IDH1-mt and low-grade gliomas. In particular, low 11C-ACE uptake in ODs is advantageous in overcoming the limitation of radiolabeled amino acid tracers.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical nuclear medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Conflicts of interest and sources of funding: none declared. This work was supported partially by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (NRF-2012R1A1A3008042, NRF-2016R1E1A1A01943303, and NRF-2018M3C7A1056898).
© 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging