Superhydrophobic Al-doped ZnO nanorods-based electrically conductive and self-cleanable antireflecting window layer for thin film solar cell

Do Hoon Kim, Ji Hyeon Park, Tae Il Lee, Jae Min Myoung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple strategy, based on the Al-doped ZnO nanorods (NRs), to get an antireflective, self-cleanable and electrical conductive window layer for the thin film solar cell was demonstrated. The length and diameter of Al-doped ZnO NRs were optimized by controlling Al precursor concentration and growth time and an average reflectance of 2.9% was achieved. Al-doped ZnO NRs simultaneously having the rugged surface morphology with the micrometer-and nanometer-scale roughness also exhibited superhydrophobicity and extremely small water contact angle (WCA) hysteresis below Δ1°after treatment of hydrophobic self-assembled monolayer (SAM). Finally, in spite of the existence of the SAM, the enhancement of the electrical contact with silver from Schottky to Ohmic for various Al doping concentrations was confirmed. Self-cleanable and electrically conductive antireflecting layer introduced in this work would be expected to increase photovoltaic efficiency in a thin film solar cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

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Nanorods
Self assembled monolayers
Silver
Contact angle
Surface morphology
Hysteresis
Surface roughness
Doping (additives)
Water
Thin film solar cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "A simple strategy, based on the Al-doped ZnO nanorods (NRs), to get an antireflective, self-cleanable and electrical conductive window layer for the thin film solar cell was demonstrated. The length and diameter of Al-doped ZnO NRs were optimized by controlling Al precursor concentration and growth time and an average reflectance of 2.9{\%} was achieved. Al-doped ZnO NRs simultaneously having the rugged surface morphology with the micrometer-and nanometer-scale roughness also exhibited superhydrophobicity and extremely small water contact angle (WCA) hysteresis below Δ1°after treatment of hydrophobic self-assembled monolayer (SAM). Finally, in spite of the existence of the SAM, the enhancement of the electrical contact with silver from Schottky to Ohmic for various Al doping concentrations was confirmed. Self-cleanable and electrically conductive antireflecting layer introduced in this work would be expected to increase photovoltaic efficiency in a thin film solar cell.",
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Superhydrophobic Al-doped ZnO nanorods-based electrically conductive and self-cleanable antireflecting window layer for thin film solar cell. / Kim, Do Hoon; Park, Ji Hyeon; Lee, Tae Il; Myoung, Jae Min.

In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 150, 01.06.2016, p. 65-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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