Controlling the generation of secondary phases in thermoelectric higher manganese silicides is crucial to enhance their thermoelectric performance for use in automotive thermoelectric generators. However, the effect of different synthesis and sintering procedures on the secondary phase formation and thermoelectric properties has not yet been investigated. In this study, we demonstrate that fabricating Mn11Si19 via arc melting and spark plasma sintering results in a figure of merit (ZT) of 0.43 at 823 K, which is 15% higher than for a sample fabricated by a solid-state reaction and spark plasma sintering. We found that the presence of secondary MnSi phases in the Mn11Si19 samples was significantly reduced when using arc melting instead of solid-state reaction, which suggests that the phase formation behavior could be controlled by optimizing the fabrication process.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant ( 2017R1A2A1A17069528 ) and Priority Research Centers Program ( 2019R1A6A1A11055660 ).
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry