The diagonal viewing angle light leakage in a black state of in-plane switching (IPS) liquid crystal display (LCD) associated with pretilt angle has been investigated. The mechanical rubbing process with a cloth causes relatively high pretilt angle in the homogenously aligned liquid crystals (LCs) so that the tilted LC director results in increase of a light leakage in a black state at diagonal viewing angles. In this study, we theoretically estimated using classical optic theory how the light leakage in a black state at diagonal viewing angle is associated with the pretilt angle and also proposed an effective method to reduce the pretilt angle from 1.5° to 0° in rubbed IPS LCD by utilising polymer stabilisation. With this approach, we could successfully acquire a better black quality in all viewing angles as compared with normal IPS LCD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics