Surface modification of a MoSiON phase shift mask to reduce critical dimension variation after exposure to a 193-nm ArF excimer laser

Hyeokseong Choo, Dongwan Seo, Sangwoo Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Introduction of a MoSi-based phase shift mask (PSM) improves photolithography resolution by causing light to shift phase by 180° thus canceling the overlap. However, when MoSiON PSM was exposed to an ArF excimer laser (λ = 193 nm), a significant increase in patterned critical dimension (CD) was observed. It was confirmed that the CD increase resulted from oxidation progression into the MoSiON layer. In this study, N 2 O or NH 3 plasma treatment and thermal annealing in NH 3 effectively suppressed CD variation after ArF laser exposure. While the compositional ratio of Si, N, O, and Mo elements in the MoSiON layer was not changed, an increase in oxygen content only in the top 5 nm was observed. Therefore, it is concluded that slight oxidation of the top surface of MoSiON PSM by introducing either N 2 O or NH 3 plasma treatment or thermal annealing in NH 3 suppresses an increase in the patterned CD of MoSiON PSM after exposure to a 193-nm ArF excimer laser.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-836
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 30


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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