Surface modification of hydrothermally grown ZnO nanostructures with process parameters

J. P. Kar, S. N. Das, S. W. Lee, M. H. Ham, J. H. Choi, Jae Min Myoung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ZnO nanorods (NRs) were hydrothermally synthesized by using equimolar zinc nitrate hydrate (Zn(NO 3 ) 2 · 6H 2 O) and hexamethylenetetramine (C 6 H 12 N 4 ) solutions. The shape of the nanostructures, obtained by aqueous method, was greatly influenced by the growth temperature and the molar concentrations. NRs grown at higher temperature (90°C) have rounded tips, whereas nanostructures of hexagonal flat-end shape were obtained at 75°C. Hardly any nanostructures were observed by further reducing the temperature to 60°C. In addition, solutions with higher molarity favored the appearance of nanoflowers. Scattered ZnO NRs were observed on silicon substrate, whereas aligned ZnO nanowires (NWs) 50-70nm in diameter were obtained at 75°C by introducing sputtered ZnO film as a seed layer. Highresolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) confirmed the growth of ZnO nanowires along [001] direction. A band-edge luminescence along with a broad visible spectrum was observed for the ZnO nanowires.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1130-1138
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering Communications
Volume196
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Nanorods
Nanowires
Surface treatment
Nanostructures
Nanoflowers
Methenamine
Growth temperature
Silicon
Hydrates
Seed
Luminescence
Nitrates
Zinc
Transmission electron microscopy
Temperature
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kar, J. P. ; Das, S. N. ; Lee, S. W. ; Ham, M. H. ; Choi, J. H. ; Myoung, Jae Min. / Surface modification of hydrothermally grown ZnO nanostructures with process parameters. In: Chemical Engineering Communications. 2009 ; Vol. 196, No. 9. pp. 1130-1138.
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Surface modification of hydrothermally grown ZnO nanostructures with process parameters. / Kar, J. P.; Das, S. N.; Lee, S. W.; Ham, M. H.; Choi, J. H.; Myoung, Jae Min.

In: Chemical Engineering Communications, Vol. 196, No. 9, 01.09.2009, p. 1130-1138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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