ZnO nanorods (NRs) were hydrothermally synthesized by using equimolar zinc nitrate hydrate (Zn(NO3)2 · 6H2O) and hexamethylenetetramine (C6H12N4) solutions. The shape of the nanostructures, obtained by aqueous method, was greatly influenced by the growth temperature and the molar concentrations. NRs grown at higher temperature (90°C) have rounded tips, whereas nanostructures of hexagonal flat-end shape were obtained at 75°C. Hardly any nanostructures were observed by further reducing the temperature to 60°C. In addition, solutions with higher molarity favored the appearance of nanoflowers. Scattered ZnO NRs were observed on silicon substrate, whereas aligned ZnO nanowires (NWs) 50-70nm in diameter were obtained at 75°C by introducing sputtered ZnO film as a seed layer. Highresolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) confirmed the growth of ZnO nanowires along  direction. A band-edge luminescence along with a broad visible spectrum was observed for the ZnO nanowires.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)