Surface modification of polytetrafluoroethylene using atmospheric pressure plasma jet for medical application

Joo Hyon Noh, Hong Koo Baik, Insup Noh, Jong Chul Park, In Seop Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is extensively utilized in medical devices and synthetic vascular surgery as an expanded form because of its chemical and mechanical stability. However, clinical applications in small diameter vascular grafts were limited due to lack of its haemocompatibility. In order to improve haemocompatibility or tailor the biological responses to the implant, the surface modification of PTFE was performed with two steps of treatment. After treating PTFE films in a solution of anthraguinone and sodium hydride in dry 100 °C dimethylformamide, the additional modification was performed with O2 atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The water contact angle of chemically treated PTFE was measured as 70.1°. Plasma treatment for 0.25 s decreased contact angle to 35.8°. From the analyses of XPS, plasma treatment might break down the unsaturated carbon bonds and introduce additional functional groups on the surface of the chemically modified PTFE. However, as the treatment time increased, contact angle increased and surface structure was changed, presumably due to etching of the chemical treated layer by oxygen plasma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5097-5101
Number of pages5
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume201
Issue number9-11 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Feb 26

Fingerprint

Plasma jets
polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Medical applications
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
plasma jets
Atmospheric pressure
Surface treatment
atmospheric pressure
Contact angle
Plasmas
sodium hydrides
Dimethylformamide
Mechanical stability
Chemical stability
oxygen plasma
surgery
Grafts
Hydrides
Surface structure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is extensively utilized in medical devices and synthetic vascular surgery as an expanded form because of its chemical and mechanical stability. However, clinical applications in small diameter vascular grafts were limited due to lack of its haemocompatibility. In order to improve haemocompatibility or tailor the biological responses to the implant, the surface modification of PTFE was performed with two steps of treatment. After treating PTFE films in a solution of anthraguinone and sodium hydride in dry 100 °C dimethylformamide, the additional modification was performed with O2 atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The water contact angle of chemically treated PTFE was measured as 70.1°. Plasma treatment for 0.25 s decreased contact angle to 35.8°. From the analyses of XPS, plasma treatment might break down the unsaturated carbon bonds and introduce additional functional groups on the surface of the chemically modified PTFE. However, as the treatment time increased, contact angle increased and surface structure was changed, presumably due to etching of the chemical treated layer by oxygen plasma.",
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Surface modification of polytetrafluoroethylene using atmospheric pressure plasma jet for medical application. / Noh, Joo Hyon; Baik, Hong Koo; Noh, Insup; Park, Jong Chul; Lee, In Seop.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 201, No. 9-11 SPEC. ISS., 26.02.2007, p. 5097-5101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Baik, Hong Koo

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AU - Park, Jong Chul

AU - Lee, In Seop

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AB - Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is extensively utilized in medical devices and synthetic vascular surgery as an expanded form because of its chemical and mechanical stability. However, clinical applications in small diameter vascular grafts were limited due to lack of its haemocompatibility. In order to improve haemocompatibility or tailor the biological responses to the implant, the surface modification of PTFE was performed with two steps of treatment. After treating PTFE films in a solution of anthraguinone and sodium hydride in dry 100 °C dimethylformamide, the additional modification was performed with O2 atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The water contact angle of chemically treated PTFE was measured as 70.1°. Plasma treatment for 0.25 s decreased contact angle to 35.8°. From the analyses of XPS, plasma treatment might break down the unsaturated carbon bonds and introduce additional functional groups on the surface of the chemically modified PTFE. However, as the treatment time increased, contact angle increased and surface structure was changed, presumably due to etching of the chemical treated layer by oxygen plasma.

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