Silica (SiO2) nanoparticles grafted with a water-soluble polymer, i.e. nonionic poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (POEM) and ionic poly(styrene sulfonic acid) (PSSA) were prepared via a three-step synthetic approach: (1) the activation of silanol group (-OH) in the surface of SiO2 nanoparticles, (2) surface modification to chlorine (-Cl) group and (3) graft polymerization from nanoparticles via atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). The successful synthesis and chemical compositions in the modified SiO2 nanoparticles were confirmed using FT-IR, UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results indicated that the grafting amounts of polymer in the nanoparticles were 5 and 8wt% for POEM and PSSA, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the grafting of polymers did not significantly alter the microstructure of SiO2 nanoparticles. Grafting of water-soluble polymer improved the dispersion properties of nanoparticles in alcohol, as verified by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)