Surgical Findings and Outcomes of Endotension Following Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

Seung Chul Han, Joon Ho Kwon, Hyun Chel Joo, Kichang Han, Jung Hwan Kim, Sungmo Moon, Gyoung Min Kim, Man Deuk Kim, Jong Yun Won, Young Guk Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Endotension is one of the detrimental complications after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and surgical management has been considered as standard of care. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the findings, and outcomes of such surgical intervention. The aim of this study was to investigate intraoperative findings and outcomes of surgical treatment for endotension after EVAR. Methods: Between January 2005 and October 2018, of the 708 patients who underwent EVAR for aneurysm aortic aneurysm; 12 patients (mean age of 76.1; range 66–88) who underwent open repair for endotension were retrospectively analyzed. The anatomical characteristics of the aorta and surgical findings were reviewed. The rates of early and late procedural complications, and overall mortality were evaluated. Results: The median interval between the EVAR and surgical conversion was 45.9 months (range 17.1–46.9). Three of the twelve patients underwent emergency surgery due to aneurysm rupture. The median aneurysm sac size, the proximal neck diameter, and the proximal neck length before EVAR were 64 mm, 23.5 mm, and 30.5 mm, respectively, that changed before open repair to 93.5 mm (P = 0.02), 25 mm (P = 0.011), and 23 mm (P = 0.003), respectively. In four of the twelve patients, radiographically undetected endoleak was identified during surgery to be Type Ia, Ib, II, and III, respectively. The rates of early and late procedural complications, and overall mortality were 8.3%, 8.3% and 8.3%, respectively. Conclusions: Patients with endotension have a risk of delayed endoleak and aneurysm rupture; secondary intervention should be performed in such cases to prevent fatal complications. Surgical treatment appears to be a curative treatment for endotension with favorable outcomes. In addition, the possibility of an undetected endoleak should be considered as a potential cause of endotension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-272
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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