Incidence ofglaucoma, a severe disease leading to irreversible loss of vision, is increasing with global aging populations. Lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only proven treatment method for glaucoma. Nitric oxide (NO) is an emerging material targeting the conventional outflow pathway by relaxing the trabecular meshwork (TM). However, there is little understanding on the NO level effective in IOP lowering without toxicity. Here, we report a novel long-term NO-releasing polydiazeniumdiolate (NOP) that enables lowering IOP via the conventional outflow pathway. NOP is composed of carbon-bound polydiazeniumdiolate, a stable NO donor moiety. NO release was monitored with accurate parameters by real-time detection of gas and analysis of the accumulated release profile. Based on the NO release information, the selected safe level of NOP exhibited effective TM relaxation and a potential IOP lowering effect in vivo without side effects. This work provides new insights into nitric oxide release behavior that should be considered for glaucoma treatment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery