Symmetry energy in cold dense matter

Kie Sang Jeong, Su Houng Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We calculate the symmetry energy in cold dense matter both in the normal quark phase and in the 2-color superconductor (2SC) phase. For the normal phase, the thermodynamic potential is calculated by using hard dense loop (HDL) resummation to leading order, where the dominant contribution comes from the longitudinal gluon rest mass. The effect of gluonic interaction on the symmetry energy, obtained from the thermodynamic potential, was found to be small. In the 2SC phase, the non-perturbative BCS paring gives enhanced symmetry energy as the gapped states are forced to be in the common Fermi sea reducing the number of available quarks that can contribute to the asymmetry. We used high density effective field theory to estimate the contribution of gluon interaction to the symmetry energy. Among the gluon rest masses in 2SC phase, only the Meissner mass has iso-spin dependence although the magnitude is much smaller than the Debye mass. As the iso-spin dependence of gluon rest masses is even smaller than the case in the normal phase, we expect that the contribution of gluonic interaction to the symmetry energy in the 2SC phase will be minimal. The different value of symmetry energy in each phase will lead to different prediction for the particle yields in heavy ion collision experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-41
Number of pages21
JournalNuclear Physics A
Volume945
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

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symmetry
color
energy
quarks
thermodynamics
interactions
ionic collisions
asymmetry
estimates
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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Jeong, Kie Sang ; Lee, Su Houng. / Symmetry energy in cold dense matter. In: Nuclear Physics A. 2016 ; Vol. 945. pp. 21-41.
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Symmetry energy in cold dense matter. / Jeong, Kie Sang; Lee, Su Houng.

In: Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 945, 01.01.2016, p. 21-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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